The History of the Internet
This decade is the innovation of computers. The computer system was the vital device utilized in large institutions, government agencies, and business conglomerates. During this period, the computer system had humongous hardware that can occupy a room.
1960s is the decade the conceptualization of Internet had been initiated. Experts believed that Internet can be a communication tool suitable for scientific and military researches and advancement.
In 1961, Packet Switching Theory was the first paper that had discussed the computer networking. Leondard Kleinrock wrote this paper.
In August 1962, J.C.R. Licklider proposed the networking of computers. From MIT, he transferred to Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to spearhead the creation of such network connection.
In 1964, the first book about the Packet Switching Theory was released. It aimed to prove that communication via packets rather than circuits.
After Lawrence Roberts was convinced by Kleinrock, he partnered with Thomas Merrill and began his exploration on such theory. Through the use of dial-up telephone, the partners tried connecting a TX-2 computer from Massachusetts to Q-32 at California. This experiment proved to be successful after the wide-area computer network worked. However, the switch demonstrated inadequacies which prompted more researches.
In 1966, Lawrence Roberts transferred to ARPA and furthered his experimentation. In 1969, he perfected the computer network and named it ARPANET. Foremost, the first ARPANET interconnected each computer from four different universities in the United States of America.
During this decade, the ARPANET, then the Internet, was a system exclusively utilized by researchers, engineers, scientists, and experts. It helped improved the communication network of institutions from different areas. Furthermore, many computer companies developed protocols to advance such online connection.
In 1972, Ray Tomlinson modified the e-mail for the ARPANET. He pioneered the use of the @ sign. Also, telnet protocol was a program launched on the same year as a method of registration.
In 1973, the ftp protocol permitted file transfer from a local computer to another through Internet.
This decade is years filled with network development. As desktop computers were released, Internet providers drastically increased to accommodate the multiplying number of clients.
In 1982, the Internet Protocol Suite reached standardization and the World Wide Web connection obtained introduction. In this year, the word Internet was officially launched as it provided online connectivity.
In 1986, the National Science Foundation NET launched supercomputer for research and education.
The development of Internet progressed into profound features such as instant messaging, Voice over Internet Protocol, video calls, websites, social network, forums, researches, and e-mail.
Continually, online programs increased profoundly during this decade as more individuals rely on computer and Internet. Children, during this time, began studying computer lessons to enhance their proficiency.
The rising popularity of social network, online media, and freelance occupation made the Internet an essential necessity of many individuals. The Internet served as the connection that bridges distance, employs people, and entertains the community. Surely, computer and the Internet are tools for communication and technical advancement.